I'm a Singapore event photographer; specializing in corporate events, weddings and birthday parties.


Home Team Photo Competition Results

Winners of the Home Team (Ministry of Home Affairs) photo competition - Harmony in Diversity - have been announced. View a slideshow of the winning entries, on the Home Team web page.


Student Artwork, SOTA, School of the Arts

Samples of student art, along the external corridor of SOTA. This is along Prinsep Street, where members of the public pass by every day. 

  • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 18mm, f5.6, ISO 1600, 1/45 seconds
  • Aperture priority, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Straighten, crop, auto contrast, fill light
Chose aperture priority to stop-down the aperture a bit to f5.6 for greater depth of field.


Official Graffiti, The Arts House

On a temporary wall surrounding a construction site, outside The Arts House ( http://www.theartshouse.com.sg/ ), near the Singapore River. The bird looks good in a suit, but he really needs to chill.

  • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 22mm, f3.8, ISO 1600, 1/60 seconds
  • Program exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast
Should have gone down to ISO 400, forcing the program exposure to 1/15 seconds, but was passing by and in a hurry to meet someone. Was at ISO 1600 because was previously taking photos of buildings in much lower light (it's 7pm). Didn't want to use auto ISO because Nikon's auto ISO doesn't take focal length into account (need to set higher shutter speed for longer focal lengths), and I was using a 6x zoom, not a prime lens. 


Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry

The SCCCI ( http://english.sccci.org.sg/ ) has been around since 1906, but I don't know when this current building was constructed. It's along Hill Street, near Funan and the City Hall MRT station. This is the front gate of the courtyard wall. Behind it is a driveway and the actual building.

  • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 66mm, f5.3, ISO 400, 1/90 seconds
  • Program exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast
Photo was taken from across the road, to avoid problems with wide-angle distortion. Had to wait a few minutes, dodging pedestrians and cars.


Singapore Conference Hall

The Singapore Conference Hall ( http://www.sch.org.sg/ ) was completed in 1965, making it as old as modern independent Singapore. It's now the home of the Singapore Chinese Orchestra. It's at one end of Shenton Way, near the Tanjong Pagar MRT station.

Before the rise of Singapore as an international convention center (with Suntec City, Singapore Expo, Marina Bay Sands, Resorts World Sentosa), large halls weren't common. The Singapore Conference Hall was therefore used for events such as political conventions, university convocation ceremonies (for some large faculties); and probably still is due to its unique historical significance.

Similar to many other commercial properties, available outdoor space has been monetized with a cafe. The cafe is new, but I'm not sure how new since I haven't been to this area for many years. I think the place looks better with the cafe.

  • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 25mm, f4.8, ISO 1600, 1/90 seconds
  • Program exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, shadows, straighten.
1/90 seconds is high for a wide-angle, stationary (no people) shot like this, especially with a VR stabilized lens. I could have reduced the ISO and gone down to 1/15 seconds. But ISO 1600 is plenty good on the D7000, and I was in a rush, just passing by.

It's 7:10 pm, so the daylight is nice and diffuse. And dark enough that the interior building lights can be seen.


Bumble Bee Water Taxi

Spotted near Clarke Quay. Operated by Duck & Hippo ( http://www.ducktours.com.sg/ ). This isn't a cruise or sightseeing tour boat. It's designed for daily commuting ( http://imcms2.mediacorp.sg/CMSFileserver/documents/006/PDF/20100416/1604HNP012.pdf ). This means higher speed, and no tour guide. It has a fixed route, so it's more a bus than a taxi.

Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 66mm, f5.3, ISO 1600, 1/15 seconds
  • Manual exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, fill light.
1/15 seconds is risky for a moving object like this. I was taking photos of scenery along the river, wasn't planning on photographing any boats, when this sleekly irresistible, brightly colored thing came along. Didn't have time to change the shutter speed. Panned the camera to reduce motion blur (you can see that the wall in the background is blurred out because of this). The len's VR image stabilization really works.


Sea Wall, East Coast Park

I don't know when these sea walls were built, hadn't noticed them before, could be years ago. (That's one of the benefits of taking photographs. It makes you more aware of your surroundings.) You see sea walls like this every few hundred meters. I'm guessing that they are there to stop the beach from being eroded by sea waves. You don't need to wall up the whole beach. A few spots here and there is effective.
The yellow "3" painted on the wall is of course, an official marking, not graffiti (this is Singapore). I'm guessing it's to help identify the wall, for maintenance workers to get their bearings.

There are lots of ships along the whole coast, every day, day and night, 365 x 24 x 7. Makes for a dramatic backdrop. The two boats nearer the beach, look like passenger ferries.

  • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 105mm, f16, ISO 100, 1/250 seconds
  • Program exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Straighten

As in many other photos, having someone in the photo has a big impact on the viewer. Not posed, happened to see the girl sitting there as I was walking past, and grabbed the opportunity. 

Chose a long focal length, not only to zoom into the girl, but also to collapse the perspective and make the ships appear closer, relative to the girl. Yes, the camera does lie. Because of the long focal length, had to set a small aperture to get the ships and the wall in focus. 

One of the few situations where Picasa's auto contrast doesn't work well. Increases the contrast too much.


MAS Building and Springleaf Tower

The Monetary Authority of Singapore, MAS Building ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monetary_Authority_of_Singapore ) is on the left. Springleaf Tower ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springleaf_Tower ) is on the right. Near Tanjong Pagar MRT Station. 

I don't why but when I'm in the area, the sky is more-often-than-not blue, which is unusual for Singapore. 
  • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 30mm, f8, ISO 100, 1/250 seconds
  • Program exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, shadows, straighten.
Scene was backlit by the sky, turned out under-exposed on my first attempt, so I pointed the camera down and did an exposure-lock on the trees. But this caused a bit of over-exposure. Fixed it later in Picasa with Shadows tuning. 

It's difficult to take photos of high-rise buildings. If you zoom out too much, there's a lot of clutter on the ground. If you zoom in too much, the top of the building is chopped off. Or if you zoom into the top, it's boring because there's nothing else around.

Luckily managed to get this angle, with some trees to balance out the picture, and no ground clutter. 


Outside Corridor, Stamford House

Stamford House ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford_House,_Singapore ) is near City Hall MRT. It was built in 1904 and has had a varied history. It recently housed shops, but they've now been vacated. I'm assuming that some major renovation is planned.

The two ladies at the end just happened to be there. They give a sense of scale to the photo, show how tall the ceiling is.

If you look at the ceiling, between the 2nd and 3rd lamp from the top, on the right, you can see a security camera. 

  • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
  • At 105mm, f16, ISO 800, 1/30 seconds
  • Manual exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
  • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, shadows, straighten.
    Zoomed in to 105mm to collapse the pillars together. Tilted the camera up to emphasize the ornate ceiling. Manual exposure because the strip of daylight at the end was throwing the exposure off. Set f16 because I needed the depth of field to get all the pillars in focus.


    Official Graffiti, SCWO, Singapore Council of Women's Organisations

    More a mural than street-style graffiti, this is on the front garden wall of the SCWO ( http://www.scwo.org.sg/ ). It's along Waterloo Street, near the Singapore Art Museum. You can see part of the building at the top right: an old colonial-style bungalow.  

    • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 18mm, f8, ISO 400, 1/250 seconds
    • Program exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast

    Normal approach to wall art: photograph from an angle to squeeze more of the length in. Also makes the photo more interesting, less flat.

    Fishermen at Changi Point

    These boats are delivering fish and crabs to the waiting pickup trucks at the top of the wall. A rope is used to haul a net basket up the wall. I'm guessing that these are delivery boats, not used to do the actual fishing. Note that all the boats have a license plate.

    This is right next to the Changi Point Ferry Terminal (many people still use the old name: Changi Jetty). 

    • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 62mm, f5.6, ISO 100, 1/500 seconds
    • Program exposure, center-weighted meter, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast
    Exposure is easy. Lots of light, even brightness across the scene. Set everything to auto.


    International Plaza, Anson Road, Night

    International Plaza ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Plaza_%28Singapore%29 ) consists of a 43-storey office tower, and a lower podium with food and retail shops. (Food from the mixed rice stalls on the ground floor, is of above-average quality. They are small stalls and you sit at the counter, like in a bar.)

    You can see the office tower in the background (not lit up with colored lights). It's not particularly striking in the day, but at night the podium lights up like a shopping mall along Orchard Road. The lights change color every few seconds.

    Tanjong Pagar MRT Station is hidden behind the podium, on the right. Shenton Way is further down, also on the right, out of the photo.

    • Nikon D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 18mm, f4, ISO 6400, 1/30 seconds
    • Manual exposure, center-weighted meter, incandescent white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast
    Even at ISO 6400, the image is clear. It's only the uniform blue sky at the top right, that shows noise. With today's DSLRs, you don't need a tripod for night photos, unless you're making large prints.

    Yellow balls at the top is caused by lens flare - light from a streetlamp outside the photo, but still shining onto the lens and causing internal reflections.


    Nikon Prime Lenses for DX Cropped DSLRs: 20mm to 135mm

    So, you've studied the kit lens versus prime lens versus f2.8 zoom issue ( http://sgsnaps.blogspot.com/2011/06/nikon-kit-lens-versus-prime-versus-f28.html ) and have decided on a prime lens.

    It's time to examine Nikon prime (non-zoom, large aperture) lenses, corresponding to the 18-135mm focal length range of many DX (1.5x crop) zoom lenses. The largest aperture lenses of each focal length, is considered. The f2.8 Micro Nikkors are not included. These are specialized macro lenses, with a smaller aperture.

    If you're not sure as to which lens to get, the 35mm f1.8 is a low cost way to start. It's cheap, light, and a good compromise focal length.

    Old Colonial Bungalow, Scotts Road

    This old house is now commercial property, an SK-II (a cosmetics brand) Boutique Spa, run by Senze Salus ( http://www.senzesalus.com/outlets/scotts.html ).

    The windows are glassed-up and the whole place air-conditioned, but you can still see the local-style architecture of a raised ground floor (note the meter-high pillars on the right, next to the car). I guess to isolate the floor from the damp ground, and creepy-crawlies.  Most Singaporeans now live in high-rise apartments. They are probably not aware of the number of small creatures that can crawl into a bungalow.

    The main entrance is on the left, next to the tree, under the maroon canopy. There are some steps leading up from the ground.

    • Nikon D7000, 35mm f1.8
    • At 35mm, f4.8, ISO 140, 1/180 seconds
    • Aperture Priority, spot meter, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Straighten, crop, auto contrast, shadows
    Taken from across the road. Allows you to fit more in, without using a wide-angle lens, avoiding the distortion and perspective problems that come with using a wide-angle lens. Main drawback is that you spend some time dodging cars.

    The center-weighted meter that I normally use was thrown-off by the backlit sky (mostly cropped out of the photo later, on the PC) so I switched to spot meter and metered off the wall. Which is white, but managed to give a good exposure anyway. Could also have used manual exposure. There's more than one way to get the job done.

    Window Cleaners, Shoppes at Marina Bay Sands

    This is outside the "The Shoppes at Marina Bay Sands" ( http://www.marinabaysands.com/Singapore-Shopping/ ), the long and low shopping arcade in front of the iconic hotel. The casino is here, not in the hotel. Half of the arcade is covered with a curved glass roof. These guys were spot-cleaning, and moved off after spraying and scrubbing a few panels, not doing a wash of the whole area. Keeping it clean must be a full-time job.

    It's not so clear in this small version of the photo, but the blue safety harnesses that they are wearing are clipped to the rail, with two separate ropes. The two gray diagonal poles that stick out at the top are long-handled brushes, not a safety guard. You can also see the high-pressure hydraulic hoses that power the thing, hanging out near the joints, if you're interested in that kind of thing.
    • D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 92mm, f8, ISO 100, 1/125 seconds
    • Aperture Priority, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, fill light
    I'm using aperture-priority more now, instead of Program, with the 18-105mm because with a maximum aperture of f3.5, it's not as easy to accidentally force over-exposure with a aperture that is too large for the shutter speed to handle. With the long 105mm reach, you also need to control depth-of-field more as depth-of-field is less at longer focal lengths.


    Makansutra Gluttons Bay Food Court

    Makansutra (AKA K.F Seetoh) started with food reviews and guides but they've branched out into eateries. ("Makan" means "eat" in Malay.) The Makansutra Gluttons Bay ( http://www.makansutra.com/eateries_mgb.html ) is next to the Esplanade Theatres.

    It's a dedicated night spot, open only in the evening (4 or 5pm depending on the day of week) until after midnight (1 to 3am depending on the day of week).

    You can see a father at the right side of the photo, chasing after his little kid. Buildings in the background are a cluster of high-rise financial buildings (including Standard Chartered), across the bay. Yes, they are very tall.

    • D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 18mm, f5.6, ISO 400, 1/45 seconds
    • Aperture Priority, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, fill light

    It's 7pm, still bright. Lighting was even enough for auto exposure to work reliably, so I didn't switch to manual. Set f5.6 to get decent depth of field.

    I was actually at Marina Bay Sands earlier, walked one large circle from Raffles Place MRT to Marina Bay Sands to Esplanade to City Hall MRT. Was hoping to get some good photos of Marina Bay Sands but the sky wasn't cooperating. This unplanned photo was the best from the whole day.


    Official Graffiti, Stamford Arts Centre

    The Stamford Arts Centre ( http://www.nac.gov.sg/fac/fac0301.asp ) at Waterloo Street, is near the famous Goddess of Mercy temple. This is a photo of the side wall. The air-con units outside are a sign that this is an old building, without central air-conditioning, retrofitted with individual units.  

    There's another Stamford Arts Centre in the UK.

    • Nikon D7000, 35mm f1.8
    • At 35mm, f6.7, ISO 400, 1/180 seconds
    • Program exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, fill light.
    White wall caused the camera to under-expose a bit. Fixed it later with on the PC.

    Nikon Kit Lens Versus Prime Versus f2.8 Professional Zoom

    Should you get a prime lens? What about an f2.8 zoom? Here's how to decide which lens to get, or whether to stick with the kit lens.

    The information here is based on Nikon (Nikkor) lenses, but is generally applicable to other brands as well, especially Canon. (Canon and Nikon track each other's lens developments quite closely, with many lenses having identical specifications, down to the exact focal length and aperture.)

    Emphasis is on indoors, available-light (no flash) usage. If photographing with flash or outdoors, the choice of lens is less critical.


    MG Midget

    You don't see many classic cars in Singapore, but they do exist. This beautifully maintained MG Midget ( http://www.mgcars.org.uk/midget.html ) was seen in Kampong Glam. Not to be mean, but the grass field makes it look like the photo was taken outside Singapore. 

    It's a British car, but the storied MG name now belongs to the Shanghai Automotive Industrial Corporation, SAIC ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MG_Motor_UK ).
    • D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 18mm, f8, ISO 100, 1/30 seconds
    • Manual exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast
    The black paint would have caused the photo to be over-exposed, but I could have used aperture priority exposure and exposure-locked on the road. I used manual exposure instead, because the camera was already set to it, because I was photographing buildings backlit against the sky.

    The red and white traffic sign could have ruined the photo, but it's turned edge-wise towards the camera, so you don't notice it at first glance. I hate traffic signs. Hate them.

    The car is really short, about 4 feet (1.2 meters). It would be good to have someone in the photo to give some sense of scale, but I wasn't able to arrange for that.

    I held the camera at waist-level to get a natural-looking angle. It's usually better to photograph something at its own level, unless you're trying to achieve a specific effect. I see a lot of people photograph their kids, without kneeling down. Their photos are going to turn out looking awkward.

    Mandarin Gallery, Orchard Road

    High-end shopping centre. Opposite The Heeren, near Cineleisure. There's no big entrance in the front, no fast food restaurants. Think that all malls are the same, with the same chain stores? Take a look inside. You'll find a lot of specialty shops that you've never seen before. 

    I find it easiest to get in through the escalator in the front, and get out the same way. I've tried getting out through the ground floor and have gotten lost. 

    • D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 18mm, f4, ISO 800, 1/15 seconds
    • Manual exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, fill light.
    At 18mm, the image stabilization of the kit lens allows you to handhold at 1/15 seconds, probably down to 1/8 too. But it doesn't help with movement in the scene. You can see that the pedestrians are a bit blurred out.

    There are very bright and very dark areas in the photo. Difficult for the camera to know what to expose for. This is why manual exposure is best for night shots. Set manual exposure, maximum aperture, slowest shutter speed you can handhold safely, then increase ISO until the photo in the LCD playback looks okay. As a starting point for the exposure, meter off the floor. 

    I would have preferred to shift the photo more to the left to get more of the trees into the photo, but there's a lot of clutter on the ground that would have been distracting.


    Guide to Nikon 18mm Kit and Other Standard Zoom Lenses

    If you're starting out in photography, you're likely to buy an entry-level DSLR bundled with a "kit" zoom lens. After using the kit lens for a while, you might be tempted to upgrade to another zoom lens. The questions are: should you, and which lens?

    We'll look at the main Nikon "standard" zoom lenses (not super telephoto, not ultra-wide), lenses with focal lengths starting from around 18mm. These are general-purpose lenses, good for many types of photography.


    House of Tan Yeok Nee

    Old mansion (1882) in the heart of the city: Clemenceau Avenue and Penang Road, near Orchard Road and the Dhoby Ghaut MRT station. Many people will remember it as the Salvation Army's headquarters. It now houses the University of Chicago's Booth School of Business ( http://www.chicagobooth.edu/visit/singapore/index.aspx ).

    The Preservation of Monuments Board has details ( http://www.pmb.sg/?page_id=182 ). The building in the background is the Visioncrest Residence, a private condominium.

    • D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 50mm, f5.6, ISO 400, 1/125 seconds
    • Program exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, shadows (photo was over-exposed, not sure why, scene isn't high contrast)
    Had to crop tightly to cut out a lot of distracting junk: traffic light, lamp post, pedestrians. Standard urban problems. Cropping photos is an important part of editing. Lots of photos that I see on Facebook, would be greatly improved by some simple cropping.

    When you're taking a photo, you don't want to zoom all the way in, even if you have a zoom lens. Best to leave some margin around the edges. This gives you flexibility to decide the final crop later, when you have time to slowly think about it. With today's DSLR's going above 12 megapixels, you've got megapixels to burn. A standard PC monitor is only about one megapixel, HDTV is two megapixels, digital cinema is two to nine megapixels ( http://cinema.emilanderic.com/digitalprojection.aspx?id=7&mname=Digital%20Projection ).


    Amphitheatre, Dhoby Ghaut Green

    Located behind the Dhoby Ghaut MRT station (Park Mall side), this partly-sunken aluminum structure is easy to miss unless you walk behind the MRT station. It's designed around overlapping curves. There's a stage and seats and everything, available for rent from National Parks, for outdoor performances and private functions.

    Developed by the URA (Urban Redevelopment Authority), it was designed by Mr Chan Soo Khian of SCDA Architects Pte Ltd ( http://www.mnd.gov.sg/mndlink/2010/2010_Jan/URA_article.htm ).

    You can see the School of the Arts (SOTA) in the left background, and the Rendezvous Hotel in the middle background. 

    • D7000, 18-105mm f3.5-5.6
    • At 30mm, f5.6, ISO 400, 1/125 seconds
    • Program exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast
    Not much color in the photo. I'd normally wait for a blue sky or evening lights, but I think that the curved structure is interesting enough to stand on its own, without needing color to make it interesting.
    I've started to use the kit zoom lens as my main lens. With the superb high-ISO performance of today's DSLRs, and the optical quality of consumer zooms, you rarely need a large-aperture prime lens, let alone an f2.8 "professional" zoom. And the Nikon 17-55mm f2.8 isn't stabilized (Canon's is).

    You need a prime lens more at the telephoto end, so put a 50mm f1.4 or 85mm f1.4 on a second body, and you're set for most indoor situations, with 4x the light sensitivity of a f2.8 zoom.


    Muzium Cafe, Bali Lane

    The cafe is located in a row of old shophouses in the Kampong Glam area, near the famous Sultan mosque. This is a view of an alley next to the cafe, which is used as an alfresco dining area by the cafe. "Muzium" means "museum" in Malay. Malaysia's National Museum in Kuala Lumpur, is called Muzium Negara.

    I'm just a sucker for bright colors. Haven't tried the food here, but there are blogs with reviews ( http://orionstar.wordpress.com/2010/12/05/saturday-evening-at-the-muzium-cafe/ ).

    • D7000, 12-24mm f4
    • At 12mm, f4.8, ISO 400, 1/350 seconds
    • Program exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast, fill light, graduated tint fake blue sky
    I don't use the wide angle zoom much, but I knew that the buildings here were quite crowded together, so I brought it along. The 35mm lens wouldn't have been able to do justice to the building.


    Steeple of Cathedral of The Good Shepherd

    The Cathedral of the Good Shephered ( http://www.veritas.org.sg/parish_detail.php?OrganisationID=1 ) is near City Hall MRT. It's over 150 years old. This isn't the biggest church in Singapore, but a Catholic told me that a cathedral isn't necessarily a big church. It's where the Bishop's (or Archbishop's) residence is ( http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01691a.htm ).

    • D7000, 35mm f1.8
    • At 35mm, f2, ISO 1600, 1/60 seconds
    • Aperture priority exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Straighten, auto contrast


    Qu Yuan Statue, Rice Dumpling Festival

    Qu Yuan is an ancient Chinese hero, linked to the Rice Dumpling Festival. Long story ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duanwu_Festival ).

    This is a temporary statue, only set up for the duration of the festival, for tourists. It's near the Albert Complex and Fu Lu Shou Complex. That's a HDB (government public housing) apartment block in the background. They're everywhere.  
    • D7000, 35mm f1.8
    • At 35mm, f4.8, ISO 400, 1/90 seconds
    • Aperture priority exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
    • Picasa: Crop, auto contrast
    It might have been better to open up the aperture and blur out the background.


      Istana Changing of the Guards Ceremony

      The Istana ("palace" in Malay) is the President of Singapore's official residence. It's next to Plaza Singapura, at the end of Orchard Road.

      The whole ceremony seems to be handled by the Military Police Command. Even the traffic control was by MPs on motorbikes. However some policemen in blue uniforms were around to look after security. Based on information provided, the band here is either the SAF Central Band or SAF Band A.

      It's on the first Sunday of every month, at 6pm, but not in July or August ( http://www.istana.gov.sg/content/istana/presidentsoffice/ceremonialguards.html ). 

      • D7000, 70-210mm f4-5.6
      • At 210mm, f11, ISO 6400, 1/1000 seconds
      • Aperture priority exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
      • Picasa: Straighten, auto contrast
      Took a chance and stationed myself on the other side of the road, to avoid the crowd. Photo was taken at the end of the ceremony. Band is marching out towards Cathay Cineplex, where they disperse. Policemen had just cleared the crowd to make way for the band, so I had a clear shot. You can see the gate of the Istana in the background. The gate might not be a main part of the photo, but it's important for establishing the location, giving the photo a unique look.

      1/1000 seconds is too fast, should have reduced ISO. But needed the high ISO earlier for when the band was in the shade, didn't have time to switch. Should have used auto ISO. Needed small aperture because depth of field at telephoto focal lengths is small. Which means that a super expensive f2.8 70-200mm isn't necessarily worth it because many times, you can't use f2.8.


      SingTel Crab on SBS Bus

      Another SingTel crab. This one is of a different species from the one at the bus stop ( http://sgsnaps.blogspot.com/2011/05/singtel-crab-advertisment.html ). It's a green crab. Poor thing is now red, which means that it's already cooked. It was spotted along Selegie Road.

      • Nikon D7000, 35mm f1.8
      • At 35mm, f4, ISO 100, 1/60 seconds
      • Program exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
      • Picasa: Auto contrast, crop


      Sriveeramakaliamman Temple, Serangoon Road, Little India

      Sriveeramakaliamman temple ( http://www.sriveeramakaliamman.com/ ) is one of the oldest Indian temples in Singapore.

      The family look like they are posing for the photo, but they are just waiting for the pedestrian crossing light to turn green.

      • Nikon D7000, 35mm f1.8
      • At 35mm, f4.8, ISO 100, 1/45 seconds
      • Program exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
      • Picasa: Auto contrast, crop, straighten


      Bukit Panjang, Aerial View

      Oval building on the left is part of the Senja-Cashew Community Centre, also called Community Club ( http://www.pa.gov.sg/locate-our-centres/details/senja-cashew-community-centre-18.html ). It stretches all the way to the right. The bright white over-exposed patch on the right is its public swimming pool. 

      The pond in front doesn't seem to have a name. The drains and canals in the area, feed into it. It's used by the PUB as a source of tap water. The high-rise buildings in the background are all HDB public housing. You can just make out the LRT train track on the left.

      Road on the left is the Bukit Panjang Ring Road. Including it in the photo helps to balance out the photo, which would look more plain without it.
      • Nikon D7000, 35mm f1.8
      • At 35mm, f2, ISO 400, 1/30 seconds
      • Manual exposure, center-weighted metering, auto white balance
      • Picasa: Auto contrast


      24-Hour Internet Cafe, Desker Road, Little India

      The shop is in a row of old shophouses, off Serangoon Road. Price is $1 for 30 minutes. I like the way that they've kept to a traditional design, in a tasteful low-key way. Lots of other Internet cafes along Desker Road. Most don't look as nice. 
      • Nikon D7000, 35mm f1.8
      • At 35mm, f2, ISO 400, 1/30 seconds
      • Manual exposure, center-weighted metering, incandescent white balance
      • Picasa: Auto contrast, straighten.